What's Cool In Road Cycling

Fixed Gear Riding – “Smooth”ness Defined

The off-season is a perfect time to focus on the mechanics of the pedaling stroke. Riding a fixed gear on the road or on the track bike as a regular part of your winter training program can have enormous benefits by improving your efficiency. Let’s talk about some of the advantages and then I’ll give you some tips as to how to put one together.

When trying to improve in cycling, it’s usually not one major thing that makes an athlete better but a lot of little things. The athletes that pay attention to detail and look for new training techniques to experiment with are the ones that are successful. Though a seemingly simple thing, the act of turning the pedals in circles is a biomechanical nightmare that the body is not naturally designed for. This has led to numerous recent innovations, including PowerCranks and the return of non-round chainrings like Rotor Q-Rings and O-Symetric O-Rings (we’re testing them now and will review them shortly).

But before all this was the venerable fixed gear, which has of course been “around” since the dawn of the bicycle. Even for non-trackies, fixed gear riding has been strongly recommended by coaches for many years as the ideal way of improving pedaling dynamics. Why the appeal?

Improving Your Pedal Stroke
This is the obvious benefit. After a long hard season in the saddle, our pedal stoke can use some help. It loses its suppleness, especially as we get older. Supple and smooth pedaling is essential to being successful on the bike and too few athletes address this important issue. Fixed gearing is such a simple way to do it. Even a short ride has purpose in that you are constantly pedaling and learning to pedal through the two “dead” spots of the pedal rotation. By training the legs to transition through the different muscle groups with smoothness eliminates wasted energy.

Yes, fixed gearing can help your power by riding in the hills and over rolling terrain. Most athletes just ride them on the flats. Ride them in the hills and you will immediately see the benefit. The gear you choose is essential. You don’t want too much gear that it causes problems in terms of climbing (like falling over) or back/knee pain. Choose a gear that is slightly difficult, but not impossible, keeping in mind that the idea of having a fixed gear is improvement of pedaling technique. I have been using a 39×16 for years in the hills around the Gold Country of Sacramento. Better to start out with something easier and build up. I recommend 39×18 or 17. Remember, by being in the rolling hills you will naturally get the benefit of spinning high RPM’s on descents. Start by taking the descents slow, by sucking up as much wind as possible (like a parachute) and feathering the brakes. Build up slowly to those super high speeds and cadences.

Muscle Endurance
Think about it for a minute. Look through your downloaded cadence/power and you’ll see that, even when riding solo, you tend to coast or freewheel for 15-20% of your riding time. With a fixed gear, you consistently pedal for the entire ride with NO freewheeling. One major benefit is muscle endurance. I have never seen a direct calculation as to how long a fixed gear ride translates to a regular road bike in terms of pedaling time. However, my gut feel is it’s about three to five. A three hour fixed gear ride is equal to five hours on the road bike.

Smoothness While Tired
This goes hand in hand with the muscle endurance. You know that feeling of tiredness at the end of a long training ride or race? Fixed gearing helps you stay relaxed in those situations. You find that even though you may be fatigued, your pedaling is smooth because you have no choice but to be smooth.

Transition Pedaling
Bike racing is a lot of transition pedaling. Slow cadence to super fast cadence over and over again. When riding a fixed gear you can go from 50 rpms to 120 in a matter of seconds while going over the tops of hills. It trains the legs to react to those situations. From a physiological perspective, this helps train your body to clear lactate.

Fixed Gear Tips
Here are some tips on setting one up:
• Since you will be riding it on the road and hopefully increasing the amount of time spent on the bike, make sure your crank length is the same as your main road bike. It helps make the transition easier from bike to bike.

• eBay Baby! – You don’t have to spend a lot of cash on this machine (save it for those new wheels next year.) Go to eBay and under cycling, do a search on “fixed gear”. There are always bikes and parts available. The beauty of a fixed gear is that there are not as many moving parts, so it’s great for bad weather days and easy to clean. You can get an old frame and get a bike build for around $300-400. There are also many you can buy new and modify to your specific needs, like the Bianchi “Pista” or IRO Cycles.

• Most important is the back wheel. Not a bad idea to get one of the reversible hubs where you can have two cogs. Make sure they are close (i.e. 17, 18), so the chain length is not affected. Also, if the wheels you use can have quick release, this will eliminate the need to carry an extra wrench when you have to change a flat.

• Some feel more comfortable with two brakes. However, one strong brake on the front allows stopping in pretty much any situation, as you use the force of your legs to “backpedal” and slow down.

• One of the best things you can add to your fixed gear bike is a road version of the Rock Shox seat posts (aka – prostate saver). This one speaks for itself! One of these, combined with a comfortable seat will save you from the discomfort of constant pedaling.

• The best way to learn is to just get on one and start riding (maybe don’t clip in for a while). Another tip would be to try it on a set of rollers to get comfortable before going out to fight traffic. Just remember, as in most new things we attempt, it may take some time to get used to the new setup.

No rocket science here. Riding a fixed gear is a great way to focus on something this winter which has direct benefits all season long. You can also continue to ride it in the summer to keep your pedaling supple and change up bikes. Another idea is to organize group rides on fixed gear bikes. It’s difficult to be on a fixed and ride with a group of regular road bikes. By doing it with other riders with the same goal, it can be so beneficial and of course a lot of fun.

Ride safe!

About Bruce
Bruce Hendler created AthletiCamps to provide cycling specific coaching and training to athletes and cyclists of all levels. Find out more at www.athleticamps.com

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